Erotica is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Madonna, released on October 20, 1992 by Maverick Records. The album and Madonna's first book publication, Sex, a coffee-table book containing explicit photographs featuring the singer released simultaneously with Erotica, mark Madonna's first release with Maverick, her own multi-media entertainment company, which consisted of a record and film production companies. Madonna incorporated an alter-ego for both Erotica and Sex named Mistress Dita, inspired by actress Dita Parlo; she talks about sex and romance throughout the album. However, other songs also take on a more confessional tone, influenced by the loss of Madonna's two close friends to AIDS. Madonna recorded the album in New York City with Shep Pettibone and André Betts while she was working on other projects. Pettibone sent her a tape with three songs when she was in Chicago and shortly after, they started the album's production in his apartment. During the sessions, they had problems during sequencing, and, as a result, Pettibone kept trying to move development as fast as possible as he did not want Madonna to lose interest in music. According to him, Madonna's compositions were serious, and intense, directing the creative direction of the songs into a deeply personal territory. The album's production was chronicled by Pettibone in an article called "Erotica Diaries", on Madonna's Icon magazine. Upon release, the record received generally favorable reviews from music critics. Some of them regarded it as one of Madonna's most adventurous albums and praised the singer's comments on taboos and AIDS; however, others criticized Madonna's vocals and the dance-based music. Erotica was less successful than Madonna's previous records, peaking at number two in the United States and the United Kingdom, being certified double-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI). It topped the charts in Australia and France, while peaking the top five in Canada, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Spain and other countries. Six singles were released from the album, with the title track and "Deeper and Deeper" becoming top-ten hits on the Billboard Hot 100. The album was supported by Madonna's fourth concert tour, The Girlie Show World Tour. The concert opened with a topless dancer performing a pole dance routine, causing controversy in some countries the tour visited. With the album's release, its accompanying book, Sex, and Madonna's role on the erotic thriller film Body of Evidence, critics commented that she had gone too far and her career was over. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.